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Relations Between NATO and Ukraine

In 1992, Ukraine and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) established diplomatic relations. Ukraine submitted an application to NATO in 2008 to adopt a NATO Membership Action Plan (abbreviated as MAP). Ukraine's plans to join NATO were shelved following the 2010 presidential election, in which Viktor Yanukovych, a pro-independence candidate, was elected as president. During the Euromaidan protests in February 2014, Yanukovych fled Ukraine. Yatsenyuk's temporary government indicated at the outset that it had no intention of joining NATO, citing the country's non-aligned status. The new government, however, prioritised NATO membership following Russia's armed invasion of Ukraine and legislative elections in October 2014. The Ukrainian Constitution was revised on February 21, 2019, with the preamble of the Basic Law, three articles, and transitional clauses laying out the criteria on Ukraine's strategic course for membership in the European Union and NATO.

NATO leaders reaffirmed their decision at the 2008 Bucharest Summit to allow Ukraine to join the Alliance, with the Membership Action Plan (MAP) as an integral part of the process and Ukraine's right to determine its own future and foreign policy, without outside interference, at the Brussels Summit in June 2021. Russia cannot veto Ukraine's NATO membership, according to NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, since we will not return to the era of spheres of interest, in which big countries decide what smaller countries should do.

Between 2005 and 2013, public support for NATO membership in Ukraine remained low, according to polls. However, public support for Ukraine's NATO membership has risen dramatically after the Russo-Ukrainian war and the annexation of Crimea. According to polls conducted in June 2014, approximately 50% of respondents support Ukraine's participation in NATO. According to a poll conducted by the Foundation for Democratic Initiatives in June 2017, over 69 percent of Ukrainians want to join NATO, up from 28 percent in 2012, while Yanukovych was in power.

Leonid Kravchuk's presidency relationship history (1991-1994)

Relations between Ukraine and NATO were formalised in 1992, when Ukraine joined the North Atlantic Cooperation Council, which was later renamed the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, after regaining independence. NATO Secretary General Werner Kiev conducted an official visit to Ukraine on February 22 and 23, 1992, and formally asked Ukraine to join the RPAS (Ukraine joined on March 10, 1992), and President Kravchuk visited NATO Headquarters in Brussels on July 8, 1992. The inauguration of the Ukrainian Embassy in Brussels in September 1992, which served as a connection in the interactions between Ukraine and NATO, was a significant event in the development of relations between Ukraine and NATO.

In February 1994, Ukraine became the first post-Soviet country to sign a framework agreement with NATO under the Partnership for Peace project, thereby backing the bid of Central and Eastern European countries to join NATO.

Leonid Kuchma's Presidency (1994-2005)

NATO took action in the summer of 1995 to help Kharkiv cope with the aftermath of the drinking water disaster. This was the first time NATO and Ukraine collaborated. NATO's first official information and documentation centre opened in Kiev on May 7, 1997, in order to increase Alliance transparency. On May 6, a Ukrainian opinion poll found that 37% of respondents were in favour of joining NATO, 28% were opposed, and 34% were unsure. A NATO-Ukraine Commission was founded on July 9, 1997. After one of the tapes recorded during the band's controversy showed an alleged transfer of a sophisticated Ukrainian military system to Iraq from Saddam Hussein, ties with the US administration and other NATO countries worsened in 2002. The NATO-Ukraine Commission agreed a Ukraine-NATO Action Plan during the NATO Enlargement Summit in November 2002. President Kuchma's assertion (also in 2002) that Ukraine wished to join NATO and the deployment of Ukrainian troops to Iraq in 2003 failed to re-establish relations with NATO. Ukraine's Armed Forces are now collaborating with NATO in Iraq.

On April 6, 2004, the Verkhovna Rada enacted a law allowing NATO forces unfettered access to Ukrainian territory.

There was a provision on the implementation of Ukraine's Euro-Atlantic integration policy, the ultimate goal of which was to become a member of NATO, in the second edition of the Military Doctrine of Ukraine, adopted by Leonid Kuchma's proclamation on June 15, 2004. On July 15, 2004, President Kuchma issued a decree declaring that NATO membership was no longer the country's goal, but rather only a significant deepening of relations with NATO and the European Union as a guarantee of security and stability in Europe, following a meeting of the Ukraine-NATO commission.

Viktor Yushchenko's Presidency (2005-2010)

President Viktor Yushchenko, a fervent advocate of Ukraine's NATO membership, succeeded Kuchma after the 2004 Orange Revolution. Yulia Tymoshenko's cabinet's second proposal for Ukraine to join the NATO membership action plan was met with opposition in January 2008. More than 2 million people signed a petition calling for a referendum on Ukraine's planned NATO membership. Any steps to increase NATO involvement should be put to a nationwide referendum, according to the opposition. The concept of a national vote on NATO membership was backed by 57.8% of Ukrainians in February 2008, up to 38.6% in February 2007.

A meeting of the Ukraine-NATO Commission took held in Vilnius on April 21, 2005, as part of an informal conference of NATO foreign ministers, ushering in a new era in Ukraine's relations with the Alliance — an intense conversation that should be the first step toward Ukraine's NATO membership.

President George W. Bush said that he favours the notion of Ukraine to join NATO, during President Viktor Yushchenko's first official visit to the United States. The presidents of Ukraine and the United States issued a joint statement in which they stated that Washington supported the plan to set a clock face.

Viktor Yushchenko returned to Ukrainian military doctrine in April 2005, citing Ukraine's strategic goal as complete NATO and European Union membership. As NATO and the EU are the guarantors of security and stability in Europe, Ukraine is ready to join these organisations as full members, stated in the amended wording. The mission's objective was changed to deep reform of the field of state defence according to European norms while it was one of the primary priorities of home and foreign policy in the previous edition.

Following a meeting of Defense Ministers from Eastern European NATO members in Hungary (at which Ukrainian Defense Minister Anatolii Hrytsenko was present), the Czech Republic, Poland, and Slovakia, declared on January 20, 2006 that these governments would support Ukraine's NATO membership. As previously said, the support of Ukrainian society for this step, as well as the establishment of internal stability in Ukraine, are both required.

NATO Secretary General James Appathurai's delegate informed a conference of NATO foreign ministers on April 27, 2006 that all alliance countries favour Ukraine's speedy integration into NATO. Russia, for one, has expressed alarm over the situation. Mikhail Kamynin, an official representative of Russia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that in fact, they will be talking about a serious political-military change that affects Russia's interests. This will require significant resources for the proper reorientation of potential military, the reorganisation of the Russian system of military-industrial relations. Agreements on arms control could be jeopardised.

Ukraine's foreign policy altered in August-September 2006, after the Party of Regions received the most votes in the impending parliamentary elections and the cabinet was led by Viktor Yanukovych, a political adversary of Viktor Yushchenko. At the end of 2006, not a single member of the pro-presidential bloc Our Ukraine managed to remain in office. Foreign policy pronouncements made by Viktor Yanukovych ran counter to Yushchenko's plan.

Ukraine's bid to join NATO's Action Plan for Membership is currently pending.

US Senator Richard Lugar said in January 2008bthat Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko, Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko, and Parliament Speaker Arseniy Yatseniuk signed the declaration at the Bucharest Summit calling for a review of Ukraine's membership to the Plan of Action - Accession.

After the parliamentary opposition resolved to obstruct the parliament's functioning in protest of NATO membership, the Ukrainian parliament, led by Arsenii Yatseniuk, was unable to hold its normal parliamentary meeting. From January 25 until March 4, 2008, Parliament was shut down (on 29 February 2008 the leaders of the political groups agreed to a joint declaration of intent).

US President George W. Bush, as well as the two presidential candidates in 2008, US Senator Barack Obama and US Senator John McCain, have expressed support for Ukraine's membership in NATO. Russians reacted negatively. Russian President Vladimir Putin came out against Ukraine joining NATO in April 2008.

2008-2009 Bucharest Summit

NATO opted not to offer Georgia and Ukraine membership at its April 2008 summit in Bucharest; nonetheless, NATO Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer stated that Georgia and Ukraine will eventually come together. France and Germany has shown some resistance in this regard.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko, and former Ukrainian Defense Minister Anatoly Hrytsenko all expressed doubts in November 2008 that Ukraine will join the MAP in December. President Yushchenko remarked in an interview with The Times of London at the end of November that Ukraine has done what it should. We intend to keep moving towards this. Everything else is a question of the political will of the allies as representatives of NATO. When the Bush administration did not expect Georgia to join NATO in late November 2008, Secretary General Aurelia Bouchez and NATO Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer persistently backed Ukraine's NATO candidacy.

NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen lauded the first national programme, Ukraine's Annual Report, which detailed planned actions to accelerate internal reforms and alignment with EU nations, at the NATO-Ukraine Defense Ministers conference in Brussels in November 2009. Ukraine's journey towards the adoption of Atlantic standards was described in detail to Alliance membership.

Viktor Yanukovych is the current president of Ukraine (2010-2014)

Viktor Yanukovych, a 2010 presidential election candidate and leader of the Party of Regions, claimed during the campaign that Ukraine's existing level of cooperation with NATO is sufficient, and that the country's membership in the alliance is not imperative.

Following the February 14, 2010 elections, newly elected President Viktor Yanukovych declared that Ukraine's NATO relations are "clearly defined" at the moment and that there is no doubt that Ukraine will join NATO. However he added that they won't see it in the near future. Furthermore, he stated that the question of Ukraine's NATO membership may come up at some point.

Yanukovych declared on March 1, 2010, in Brussels that Ukraine's status as a member of the Alliance's aid programme will not alter. He then repeated during a trip to Moscow that Ukraine would remain a "non-aligned European state."

NATO and Ukraine have been cooperating through the annual national programme, which includes joint exercises, since May 2010. Ukraine claims that continuous collaboration with NATO does not exclude the formation of a strategic alliance with Russia.

Yanukovych described Ukraine's relationship with NATO as a partnership on May 27, 2010, saying that Ukraine cannot do without it, because Ukraine is a great country.

The Ukrainian parliament enacted a presidential bill on June 3, 2010, which removed the goal of "Euro-Atlantic security integration and NATO membership" from Ukraine's national security plan. Ukraine was barred from joining a military bloc by the law, but it was authorised to cooperate with alliances such as NATO. Ukraine's national security plan still includes "European integration."

The Ukrainian cabinet of ministers approved an action plan for implementing an annual programme of national cooperation with NATO in 2010 on June 24. These are some of them:

i) Ukrainian aviation and transport equipment is being used to move freight and personnel from NATO member states and allies engaging in NATO-led peacekeeping missions and operations.

ii) Continuing Ukraine's participation in a Kosovo peacekeeping mission

iii) Ukrainian peacekeepers could be reinforced in Afghanistan and Iraq.

iv) Ukraine's involvement in different NATO-sponsored international events.

v) Ukrainian forces are being trained in NATO member states.

During Yanukovych's administration, Ukraine and NATO continued to hold collaborative seminars, tactical and strategic exercises, and operations.

The Presidency of Petro Poroshenko (2014-2019)

During the Euromaidan protests in February 2014, Yanukovych fled Ukraine. The Yatsenyuk interim administration came to power in Ukraine as a result of this revolution. Initially, the Yatseniuk government announced that Ukraine will not be admitted to NATO


NATO leaders expressed support for Ukraine and attempted to reduce tensions between the union and Russia, which has refused to acknowledge Yanukovych's overthrow or the Yatsenyuk government. NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen stated in late February 2014 that Ukraine's participation in the alliance is still an option.

Following reports of Russian military deployments in Ukraine, Ukraine's Prime Minister Arsenii Yatseniuk declared on August 29, 2014 that he will seek the Ukrainian parliament to assist the country on its route to NATO membership. The administration has also stated that it aspires to achieve major non-NATO ally status with the US, NATO's top military force and donor. Yatsenyuk also submitted a law to extend Ukraine's non-bloc status, which was earlier introduced by Yanukovych, as part of these efforts and to obstruct Ukraine's potential membership in the Eurasian Economic Union and other Russian-led supranational organisations. Following the general elections in October 2014, the new government prioritised membership.

The Ukrainian parliament rejected Ukraine's non-aligned status on December 23, 2014, a move that Russia fiercely denounced. Ukraine's previous non-aligned status has proven ineffective in ensuring Ukraine's security and protecting the country from external aggression and pressure, according to the new law, which also aims to deepen Ukraine's cooperation with NATO to meet the necessary criteria for joining the Alliance. Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko (elected May 25, 2014) promised on December 29, 2014 to hold a referendum on NATO membership.

A series of military drills between NATO nations and Ukraine were scheduled for 2015. Operation Fearless Guardian was one of them (a total of 2,200 participants, including 1,000 US military personnel). On April 10, 2015, the 173rd Airborne Brigade's first people and equipment arrived in Yavoriv, Lviv Oblast. Under the Congressionally approved Global Emergency Security Fund, Fearless Guardian would train Ukraine's new National Guard. The US was required to train three battalions of Ukrainian troops over a six-month period beginning in April 2015: Peace, Sabre Guardian/Rapid Trident - 2015 soldiers (total of 2,100 men, including 500 US servicemen and 600 NATO / PPP servicemen), as well as the Ukrainian-Polish air exercise "Safe Skies – 2015" (total of 350 participants, including 100 Polish servicemen) and the military police Law and Order – 2015 (a total of 100 participants, including 50 Polish soldiers).

NATO established five trust funds for the Ukrainian military in September 2015, totaling €5.4 million. 2 million euros will be set aside for communication system modernization, 1.2 million euros for logistics and standardisation system reform, 845,000 euros for physical rehabilitation and prosthetics, 815,000 euros for cyber defence, and 410,000 euros for the conversion wheel.

In March 2016, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker stated that Ukraine's accession to the EU and NATO would take at least 20 to 25 years. Ukraine's Verkhovna Rada enacted a law on June 8, 2017 making NATO integration a foreign policy goal. Poroshenko indicated in July 2017 that he will apply to start talks on a NATO membership action plan. President Poroshenko proposed a "sponsorship scheme" tying specific areas to European states the same month.

Ukraine was joined to NATO's candidate list on March 10, 2018. (others including Bosnia and Herzegovina and Georgia). Ukraine's Verkhovna Rada adopted a bill on national security a few months later, at the end of June: the bill defines the principles of state policy on national security and defence and emphasises Ukraine's integration into European security, economic order, and legal; better interstate relations; and potential EU and NATO membership.

The Ukrainian parliament passed constitutional revisions on September 20, 2018, making NATO and EU membership a major and fundamental goal of the country's foreign policy.

The Ukrainian parliament voted 334 out of 385 on February 7, 2019 to change the Ukrainian constitution in order to enable Ukraine's entrance to NATO and the European Union. "This is the day that Ukraine's orientation towards the European Union and the North Atlantic Alliance will be established as a foreign policy framework in the constitution," Ukrainian President Poroshenko stated after the vote.

Volodymyr Zelenskyy's Presidency (from 2019)

In June 2019, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy met with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. Ukraine became a member of NATO's Enhanced Interoperability Program for Partners on June 12, 2020. The new status "does not prejudge a decision on NATO membership," according to an official NATO statement.

President Volodymyr Zelenskyy of Ukraine adopted Ukraine's new National Security Strategy on September 14, 2020, "which provides for the creation of a clear collaboration with NATO in preparation for NATO membership." During a meeting with Prime Minister Boris Johnson in London on October 8, 2020, President Zelenskyy stated that Ukraine required an action plan for NATO membership since NATO membership would contribute to Ukraine's security and defence.

Ukraine's Defense Minister, Andrii Taran, stated on December 1, 2020, that Ukraine is making clear its objectives to achieve the NATO Action Plan and anticipates broad political and military support for such a decision at the Alliance's next summit in 2021. Ambassadors and military attachés from NATO member states, as well as representatives from the NATO Ukraine office, were asked to inform their capitals that Ukraine expects full political-military assistance and that a resolution will be presented at the next NATO summit in 2021. take concrete actions toward the 2008 Bucharest Summit and demonstrate your commitment to it.

The subject of returning to the "open door" policy, as well as providing Georgia with a Membership Action Plan, would be reviewed at the NATO summit in 2021, according to an announcement made late November 2020. (MAP). Ukraine's Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal stated on February 9, 2021, that he hoped Ukraine will receive a NATO action plan at the same time as Georgia. As a result, during Prime Minister Schmyhal's visit to Brussels, Alliance Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg declared that Ukraine was a NATO candidate.

Lithuanian Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis said during a press conference with his Spanish counterpart Arancha González Laya on April 7, 2021, after the start of Russian reinforcements near the Ukrainian border, that Lithuania plans to introduce its NATO allies. of adherence to the action (MAP):

We should write to our colleagues again in the near future to discuss the potential of granting Ukraine the MAP. I am certain that NATO could reaffirm its proposal to provide a plan for Ukraine's membership, and we have already begun to discuss this with our Baltic friends. This action will send a "strong signal to Russia," emphasising that Ukraine has chosen the transatlantic route for itself and is appreciated and backed by NATO members, as Landsbergis put it.

Despite the fact that Ukraine is not a member of NATO, Spain's foreign minister stated that the alliance's relations with it are already "fruitful, useful, and a symbol of NATO's aim of a peaceful neighbourhood." She also stated that the Ukraine problem should be discussed at the upcoming North Atlantic Alliance conference in June.

Latvian Foreign Minister Edgars Rinkevics, following in the footsteps of his Lithuanian counterpart, stated NATO should present Ukraine with an action plan for membership:

We're keeping a careful eye on Russian forces stationed near Ukraine's borders. At the time, it's unclear whether it's a show of strength or true aggression. But there's reason to be concerned... Ukraine has been attempting to join NATO for the past 15 years and has been granted a membership action plan. It appears that the time has come to convey this idea to Ukraine. In any case, this will send a message to the Ukrainians that they will not be abandoned. This is a decision that I wholeheartedly endorse.

On April 10, 2021, Ukrainian Defense Minister Andrii Taran stated that the top priority of Ukrainian political leaders is to obtain the North Atlantic Alliance's Accession Action Plan (MAP) by 2021. According to the head of the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense, the MAP is the most persuasive and effective mechanism for communicating the international community's position to Moscow, and "accelerates the implementation of the 2008 NATO Bucharest summit decision on joining our Alliance." In a joint statement issued by the Ninth High-Level Strategic Council between Ukraine and the Republic of Turkey, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan backed Ukraine's acceptance of the MAP.

Democratic Senator Chris Murphy said that granting Ukraine a MAP would be the natural next step toward NATO membership after visiting Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy at a briefing in Kiev in May 2021. He emphasised that, in addition to other reforms, Ukraine has already executed certain NATO-required reforms. He also stated that there would have been no confrontation with Russia if Ukraine and Georgia had received the MAP in 2008:

I appreciate NATO's reservations about integrating a conflict-torn country. But, honestly, I don't believe there would have been any fighting if Ukraine and Georgia had received the MAP in 2008.

Separately, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy listed failing to send a clear signal to Ukraine and specified timelines for securing an action plan for NATO membership as potential risks that might bolster Russia's position in Europe.

NATO leaders reaffirmed their decision to allow Ukraine to join the Alliance at the 2008 Bucharest Summit, with the Membership Action Plan (MAP) as an integral part of the process and Ukraine's right to determine its own future and course of foreign policy without outside interference, at the Brussels Summit in June 2021. Russia cannot oppose Ukraine's NATO membership, according to NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, since we will not return to the era of spheres of interest, in which big countries decide what smaller countries should do:

Each country takes its own course, which may or may not include joining NATO. Ukraine and the other 30 NATO members must determine whether or not to join the alliance. Russia is uninterested in Ukraine joining the Alliance. They are unable to disagree with their neighbours' decisions. We will not return to the spheres of interest era, in which large countries dictate what happens to smaller ones.

Ukraine-NATO forces began coordinated naval drills in the Black Sea on June 28, 2021, dubbed Sea Breeze 2021. Russia denounced the drills, and the Russian Defense Ministry said it was keeping a close eye on them.

On January 11, 2022, it was discovered that a group of Republican congressmen planned to present legislation that would increase Ukraine's NATO membership and initiate a study of whether Russia would be designated as a state sponsor of terrorism. The bill's authors argue that designating Ukraine as a "NATO+ country" will enable the US to make speedy judgments on the supply and sale of defence items and services to Ukraine. According to Mike Rogers, a bill co-author, this provision has a direct impact on the deployment of anti-ship and anti-air defence systems. Furthermore, in the event of a large-scale Russian invasion of Ukraine, this law proposes the establishment of a mechanism for the swift application of sanctions against Nord Stream 2. The bill's drafters are sure that this will prevent it from operating indefinitely. In addition, if accepted, the US will have to consider and vote on whether or not to designate Russia as a "country supporting international terrorism."

Andrii Yermak, Chairman of the President's Office of Ukraine, stated on January 14, 2022, that Ukrainian authorities hope to hear detailed terms for joining the North Atlantic Alliance:

Andri Yermak said that Ukraine has demonstrated its readiness and capability to join NATO through its principles and views. This implies that we can anticipate to see and hear very specific phrases and information about this during this year's Madrid Summit, because today, and especially today, I want to emphasise that this is a life-or-death situation for our country.

The president's chief of staff praised the planning of sanctions in the event of a Russian invasion, but warned that it would be "a huge disaster."

As there are still no signs of a Russian de-escalation, NATO commanders led by Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg were entrusted on Wednesday, February 16, 2022, with hammering out the logistics of deploying a battlegroup on the alliance's southeastern flank.

Western Ukraine has traditionally been strongly pro-NATO compared to the rest of the country.

The eastern part of Ukraine is far more anti-NATO and pro-Russia than the rest of the country.

According to a Gallup poll conducted in October 2008, 43% of Ukrainians see NATO as a threat to their country, while only 15% see NATO as a source of safety. According to a November 2009 Ukraine Project System poll, 40.1 percent of Ukrainians believe the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) is the most important global security organisation to which Ukraine belongs, with 33.9 percent totally supporting it. More than 36% of respondents thought Ukraine should remain neutral, while only 12.5 percent thought Ukraine should join NATO. According to a Gallup study from 2009, 40% of Ukrainian citizens connect NATO with "danger" and 17% with "protection." According to a Razumkov Center poll conducted in March 2011, an average of 20.6 percent of Ukrainians regard NATO as a threat, with 51 percent in Crimea. According to a Gallup study from 2013, 29 percent of Americans connect NATO with "danger" and 17 percent with "protection," while 44 percent have never seen any.

Many Ukrainians altered their attitudes regarding NATO after the Russian military involvement in 2014, the annexation of Crimea, and the commencement of the Donbass War: polls from mid-2014 to 2016 showed that the majority of Ukrainians were in favour of NATO membership.

An electronic petition was delivered to Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko on August 29, 2015, asking a vote on NATO membership. The petition acquired the requisite 25,000 signatures to be taken into consideration. "One of the top priorities of Ukraine's foreign policy is to enhance cooperation with NATO in order to meet the required conditions for membership in this organisation," the president responded. We are currently restructuring Ukraine's security sector to bring it up to NATO standards and strengthening the country's defence system, both of which are required to counter Russian aggression. The final decision on this vital matter will be adopted in a referendum by the Ukrainian people once Ukraine meets all of the essential conditions to join the Alliance."

President Poroshenko indicated in February 2017 that he will call a referendum during his presidency. According to polls, 54% of Ukrainians approve such a decision.

According to a sociological study conducted in January 2022 by the Ukrainian Institute of the Future in partnership with the sociological firm New Image Marketing Group, 64 percent of Ukrainians support Ukraine's NATO membership, while 17 percent oppose it and 13 percent are undecided. Western Ukraine, Kiev, and southern Ukraine had the highest levels of support for NATO membership, with 73 percent, 71 percent, and 59 percent, respectively. Eastern Ukraine has a lower percentage of people who support this viewpoint (47%) than the rest of the country.

Russia is opposed to Ukraine joining NATO.

Russia is adamantly opposed to NATO's expansion to the east. On February 12, 2008, Russian President Vladimir Putin stated that if Ukraine joined NATO and allowed the deployment of a US missile defence shield, Russia would be able to fire missiles against the country. Former Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko has stated on numerous occasions that his country will not allow foreign military outposts on its soil; NATO had no intentions to deploy military bases in Ukraine as of December 2009. China, like Russia, has been vocal in its opposition to NATO's eastward expansion.

Prime Minister Vladimir Putin reportedly stated during a NATO-Russia conference in 2008 that if Ukraine joins NATO, his country may attempt to conquer eastern Ukraine and Crimea.

"We must not choose between expanding NATO and Russia, because we need both," said Deputy Assistant Secretary General Aurelia Bouchez at a NATO conference in the Hungarian parliament on November 20, 2008. conference in Spain twelve days later: "The emergence of independent states in the former Soviet space is a reality," said the Secretary General of NATO Japan. The ability of these countries to shape their own destiny will be a litmus test for the new Europe. Do we have to choose between maintaining good relations with Russia and expanding the EU? No, we will not pick or sacrifice for one another, in my opinion. This would result in new divisions."

Dmitry Peskov, a spokesman for Russian President Vladimir Putin, called for "a 100 percent guarantee that no one would contemplate about Ukraine joining NATO" in an interview with the BBC on November 18, 2014. The appeal was denied two days later by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, who said it "violated the core notion of??respecting Ukraine's sovereignty."

Guarantees of Ukraine's non-accession to NATO have been requested.

On November 30, 2021, Russian President Vladimir Putin stated that increasing NATO's presence in Ukraine would be an issue, particularly the placement of long-range missiles capable of hitting Russian cities or similar missile defence systems in Romania and Poland. Russia is represented with a "red dot." Putin requested legal assurances from US President Joe Biden that NATO will not expand eastward or "bring system weapons that threaten us close to Russian territory." "Some type of strike mechanism on Ukrainian territory is required," Putin says. The flight to Moscow will take seven to ten minutes, or five minutes if a hypersonic weapon is used." "Only Ukraine and 30 NATO allies will decide whether Ukraine is ready to join the NATO alliance," said NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, "Russia has no say and no right to a zone of influence."

Russian President Vladimir Putin stated on December 1, 2021, that he sought assurances from the West that Ukraine will not join NATO. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg stated on December 16 that the alliance would not make any concessions to Russia on Ukraine's membership. Ukraine, he continued, is entitled to safety and will determine whether or not to join NATO with NATO's help.

The Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs released a draught agreement between Russia and the US on "security assurances" as well as a draught agreement on steps to protect Russia's and NATO member states' security on December 17. Russia specifically requests that NATO renounce the accession of Georgia and Ukraine to the alliance, as well as "any military activity on Ukrainian soil." Russia is also requesting that the US refrain from establishing military bases in the former Soviet Union or admitting these nations to NATO.

The Russian leadership appears to be ready to revert to Cold War reasoning. In 2022, such a delimitation of spheres of influence is impossible: Yalta cannot exist.

In this background, on January 10, 2022, US and Russian diplomats met in Geneva for security talks to examine the two countries' military activities as well as escalating tensions over Ukraine. At a US-Russia conference in Geneva, the chairman of the Russian delegation stressed that Russia requires "concrete assurances" that Ukraine and Georgia will not join NATO, as stated in the Madrid 2022 summit decision. "The risks of a military clash should not be underestimated," he said, adding that the US side, by refusing to enlarge NATO, misread the situation.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, for his part, stated that NATO would not commit to Russia on Ukraine's membership, and that Ukraine and its partners would make that decision. He promised that the alliance will assist Ukraine in meeting the organization's membership requirements.

The Alliance continues to provide political and practical support for Ukraine's territorial integrity and sovereignty. It's also a strong indication that Ukraine has the right to self-defense.

Jens Stoltenberg is the Secretary-General of NATO.

Wendy Sherman, a spokeswoman for the US State Department, said NATO's "open-door" policy is unequivocal and that Washington will not abandon bilateral collaboration with sovereign countries that choose to collaborate with the US. She went on to say that in talks with Moscow, Washington has stated that it does not seek to decide Ukraine's fate without its involvement, Europe without Europe, or NATO without NATO. Separately, Sherman said she couldn't say whether the Russian Federation was ready for a de-escalation near the Ukrainian border, where Russia has been celebrating the technology since spring 2021, after meeting with Russian officials in Geneva.

A Russia-NATO Council meeting took place in Brussels on January 12, 2022, where officials from Russia and 30 NATO member nations reviewed Russia's requests. Only Ukraine and 30 of NATO's partners can decide on Ukraine's readiness to join the alliance, according to Jens Stoltenberg. In the event of a "new Russian aggression to intensify," NATO will "seriously examine" its deployment in Eastern Europe. The secretary-general also stated that NATO is prepared to restart its Moscow representative office. NATO will not relinquish the "open door" policy, according to Wendy Sherman, and Russia's demands are untenable. The US undersecretary of state stated that NATO allies will not accept the impossibility of expanding the alliance further and returning to the late-20th century configuration that the Russian side insisted on during the discussions.

According to Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko, NATO was not initially committed to the "open-door" strategy, which the alliance now says that if political action fails to resolve threats to Russia's security, military action will be taken:

As per Alexander Grushko, this policy, which first appeared in 1994, has fundamentally different goals than enhancing European security. We have some legally binding military-technical measures in place that we will deploy if we believe there is a true threat to national security and our area is already being targeted by offensive missiles. That, of course, we do not agree with. If political resources fail, we will take all necessary military measures to combat the menace.

Russia's Permanent Representative to the OSCE, Alexander Lukashevich, said at the first OSCE meeting on January 13, 2022, that if the Russian Federation does not respond constructively, it will be forced to take steps to "eliminate unacceptable security threats." national. proposals within a reasonable time:

Alexandre Lukashevich stated that we will be forced to draw the correct conclusions and take all necessary steps to ensure a strategic balance and avoid unacceptable dangers if we do not receive a constructive response to the suggestions within a fair time frame and if we take serious action against Russia. our country's safety.

Moscow has "lost patience" while waiting for the West's response to the Kremlin's demand for "security guarantees," Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said during his annual foreign policy press conference, and Russia will respond in writing within a week. Moscow will not wait "indefinitely" for a Western response to Moscow's demand that NATO not expand eastward and send troops to Ukraine and other former Soviet Union countries, according to Lavrov. Lavrov's remarks come a day after the White House warned that the risk of a Russian invasion of Ukraine involving up to 100,000 troops remained high. The next day, White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki said Russian officials must choose between more diplomacy and stronger economic penalties than in 2014, if forceful new moves are taken.

Anton Krasovsky, the director of the Russian-language station RT, promised to burn the Ukrainian constitution in Khreshchatyk if the country joined NATO on January 13, 2021.

On January 14, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg told La Repubblica that Kiev had already sought to join the political-military alliance, and that NATO had determined in 2008 that Ukraine and Georgia would join, but that they had not yet done so. When exactly will this go place?

On January 19, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov urged that the US establish a legal requirement not to vote on NATO membership for countries whose membership the Russian Federation opposes, reiterating calls for NATO not to expand. The Kremlin is willing to accept such a "offer" in exchange for the previously stated criteria, namely, the so-called guarantees of the alliance's non-extension to the east. He stated that the 2008 Bucharest summit resolution "must be abandoned," and that the US must provide unilateral legal guarantees that it "will never happen." According to Ryabkov, the Kremlin's position that Ukraine and Georgia will never join the North Atlantic Alliance is a high priority. For such a step, America must have "sufficient political will."

On February 22, 2022, Russia recognised the insurgent republics of Donbass and deployed its army in the region in response to the events of January 13. Finally, Russia began a full-scale invasion of Ukraine on February 24, 2022.

Ukraine has external Relations with following NATO Members. Albania, belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech , epublic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Montenegro, holland, North Macedonia, norway, poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United , Kingdom, and United States.

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Next week, Apple will release the public version of iOS 15.4, with a developer preview available now.

Apple published the beta version of iOS 15.4 in January, and the company stated yesterday at its Peek Performance event that the stable version of iOS 15.4 will be available next week for eligible devices.

One of the new features in iOS 15.4 is that you may unlock your iPhone using Face.....

The official launch of the vivo Y01: 6.51-inch screen, Helio P35 SoC, and 5,000 mAh battery

Vivo released the Y33s 5G last week, and the vivo Y01 is the latest addition to the Y series lineup.

The vivo Y01 features a 6.51-inch LCD screen with HD+ quality and a notch for the 5MP front camera. A camera island with a single 13MP primary camera and an LED flash is located on the p.....

Xiaomi Civi 2 specifications have been leaked, including a Snapdragon 778G+ processor.

In September 2021, Xiaomi released the first Civi smartphone, which was a tiny mid-range device with a stylish design. Despite its fascinating specifications, such as 120Hz OLED, 55W quick charging, and a triple 64MP camera, it was never sold outside of the domestic market.

A successor .....

Ming-Chi Kuo: This year, Apple's new MacBook Air has a new look.

Ming-Chi Kuo, a respected Apple analyst, made some fascinating predictions about the next MacBook Air following yesterday's Apple event. By the end of the year, we should have the new laptop.

Apple would begin production in the second or third quarter to fulfil the deadline. Apple will .....

In April, Apple will unveil new iMovie functionality.

Following the conclusion of the Peek Performance event, Apple announced Magic Movie and Storyboards, two new capabilities for iMovie.

Magic Movie allows you to easily produce videos by picking media or an album from your library and having the suite automatically analyse it, identifying.....

The Samsung Galaxy A73's first leaked image displays super-thin bezels.

The Samsung Galaxy A73 is likely to be released soon, and the first image has leaked online. It sports an Infinity-O display, super-slim bezels on all sides, and a protruding power button on the side that essentially confirms the AMOLED display with a fingerprint scanner underneath.


Photos of the Xiaomi 12 and 12 Pro, as well as global prices for them and the 12X, have been leaked.

On March 15th, Xiaomi will announce the global launch of its Series 12 flagships. You've seen what phones look like, for the most part. As seen in the leaked renders, the worldwide versions will only feature minor cosmetic alterations (eg the label on the back).

SnoopyTech has provided .....

On March 23, nothing will be revealed about the product roadmap for 2022.

The Truth and Nothing but the Truth - aside from the puns, Carl Pei's new business Nothing has a "The Truth" event slated for March 23. (at 14:00 GMT). The corporation will present new product launches that will take place in 2022 at this event.

Yes, we all believe it's the legendary No.....

Geekbench lists the Samsung Galaxy M53 5G as having a Dimensity of 900.

It's only a matter of time until Samsung releases a 2022 follow-up to its full-fledged Galaxy M52 5G, and due to a Geekbench listing, the first details on the Galaxy M53 5G are now available. On Geekbench, the Galaxy M53 5G with ID SM-M536B has been discovered featuring a MediaTek Dimensity 900 p.....

In India, the Poco X4 Pro 5G is seen in a promotional film promoting a 64-megapixel camera.

In late February, Poco introduced the X4 Pro 5G alongside the M4 Pro. While the M4 Pro is now available in India, the X4 Pro 5G is still in development - and may have undergone some alterations.

On Poco India's YouTube channel, a small promotional video was uploaded on 9th March, 2022. .....